真经模式

Speaking Items —
Question 1

Domestication is an evolutionary, rather than a political development. They were more likely to survive and prosper in an alliance with humans than on their own. Humans provided the animals with food and protection, in exchange for which the animals provided the humans their milk and eggs and—yes—their flesh.

Question 2

A young man from a small provincial town—a man without independent wealth, without powerful family connections and without a university education—moved to London in the late 1580’s and, in a remarkably short time, became the greatest playwright not of his age alone but of all time. How did Shakespeare become Shakespeare?

Question 3

Moods may also have an effect on how information is processed, by influencing the extent to which judges rely on pre-existing, internal information, or focus on new, external information. Positive moods promote more holistic and top-down processing style, while negative moods recruit more stimulus-driven and bottom-up processing.

Question 4

This finding is understandable in certain cases in spite of its high significance; that is because energy efficiency of building operation just represents a single aspect of sustainability.

Question 5

Yellow is the most optimistic color, yet surprisingly, people lose their tempers most often in yellow rooms and babies cry more in them. The reason may be that yellow is the hardest color on the eye. On the other hand, it speeds metabolism and enhances concentration; think of yellow legal pads and post-it notes.

Question 6

Cheerful sunny yellow is an attention getter. While it is considered an optimistic color, people lose their tempers more often in yellow rooms and babies will cry more. It is the most difficult color for the eye to take in, so it can be overpowering if overused. Yellow enhances concentration, hence its use for legal pads. It also speeds metabolism.

Question 7

Academic authors could do a better job of helping journalists, but often they have presented their work for fellow experts, without signposts for lay readers. And, just as often, reports demand a certainty about cancer that scientist cannot give. Because it is impossible to prove a negative, prudent doctors and researchers can never say for certain that something does not cause cancer. All they can say is that given the evidence, it is extremely unlikely.

Question 8

The problem begins with the alphabet itself. Building a spelling system for English using letters that come from Latin—despite the two languages not sharing exactly the same set of sounds—is like building a playroom using an IKEA office set.

Question 9

Akimbo, this must be one of the odder-looking words in the language. It puzzles us in part because it doesn’t seem to have any relatives. What’s more, it is now virtually a fossil word, until recently almost invariably found in arms akimbo, a posture in which a person stands with hands on hips and elbows sharply bent outward, one that signals impatience and hostility.


Question 10

Three professors from Hamburg University’s medical faculty traveled last month to Ingeborg’s sitting room in East Berlin to test her on the work she carried out in pre-war Germany.